Monday, 26 March 2018

The events that happened in World War I!

In 1914, World War I broke out because the Austrian heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife was assassinated. Austria accused Britain of this and declared war on them. Germany supported Austria, and so supported them in the war. Austria was also supported by Hungary.

New Zealand was part of the British Empire, so they also declared war on Austria. Russia supported Britain, so they helped Britain. Turkey supported Germany, so they also declared war. France helped Russia, so they also declared war.

France, Britain, New Zealand and Russia formed together to become the Allies.

Germany, Turkey, Hungary and Austria formed together to become the Central Powers.

At first, they thought the war was going to be quick, as the Germans had planned a strategy that they thought would beat the enemy quick and fast so they could be home for Christmas. But when they tried to take France, they held them at a certain point, so they had to dig down into trenches to hold a front. This was now trench warfare.

Life in the trenches was incredibly horrible. Staying in it for too long would give you 'trench foot', a disease transmitted by stepping on damp ground for too long. The disease would hurt your legs, and sometimes even break them. Mice and rats would run around, spreading disease. Your food was 'rationed', because you only had a limited amount. You were also given 'military tea', tea that tastes more gross then water mixed with milk.
The weapons that both sides used were rifles, pistols, sniper rifles, heavy machine guns, artillery guns, bombs and 'mustard gas'. Mustard gas was a type of poison that would be thrown into enemy trenches to draw them out. Certain bombs would be shot into enemy trenches, such as 'daisy cutters', which would shatter the legs of soldiers, or their heads if they were sleeping.  

Every time someone had to use the toilet, you were in danger of getting shot by enemy sharpshooters. When they were in the toilet area, they would light cigarettes to keep out the smell, but sharpshooters were just waiting to find a smoke trail. They would also shell the outhouse, as they know the enemy use it at dawn.

The space between the trenches was named 'No Man's Land'. If you were there, you were in grave danger of being shot. Barbed wire and landmines were laid around it to stop the enemy from coming through. Machine guns would also monitor it, cutting down any soldiers coming.

On Christmas, the Germans started singing christmas carols. The other side responded with their own christmas carols. One thing led to another, and they soon came out of their trenches and played soccer and talked to each other. When the next day came, both sides went back inside their trenches, and then the fighting continued.
In the late years of the war, the Germans were using U-boats, also known as submarines, to destroy the freighter ships that were shipping ammunition to the Allies.

One U-boat sunk the Lusitania, a cruiseliner. 76 Americans were on that ship. Outrages popped up in America and citizens were now marching to the President to declare war. Soon, the American President decided to join the Allies, and supply them.

When America joined, the morale of the Germans dropped by a tremendous amount. The Allies were consistently getting fresh new soldiers, better rations such as chips and burgers, and a new war machine that would be later developed and used in the second World War: the tank.

In 1918, British and ANZAC soldiers took back Belgium. Tanks rolled through, terrifying the Germans. Bullets would violently ricochet off the tanks, making them impenetrable. British soldiers stormed the trenches, killing everyone inside.

As soon as they captured Belgium, the Germans agreed to sign an armistice with the British.

Also, in 1919, ANZAC troops were rioting, as they didn't want to stay in Belgium, they wanted to go home, back to New Zealand. Soon, the British thought of a solution. The ANZAC would draw a chalk kiwi on a nearby mountain to occupy the soldier's time.

Soon enough, the boats arrived to take the ANZAC regiment back home to New Zealand.


  1. Excellent job, Kevin. Very informative narration of what happened in World War 1 from an 11 year old boy. Awesome talent! So proud of you, My son.. !

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